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Bailey, Edward (1809-40)

Bailey, Edward, 13 and 14 Mount St, Grosvenor Sq., London, cm, u and undertaker (1809–40). In 1826 he endorsed the prefatory recommendation in Nicholson's Practical Cabinet Maker as ‘Manufacturer to His Majesty’, and is recorded in London directories between 1809 and 1840. He is frequently named in the Royal Household accounts as carrying out much general jobbing, cleaning, work on upholstery, blinds, carpets etc. at Carlton House, St James's Palace, King's Lodge, Windsor, and Carlton House Ride, between 1826 and 1831. In October 1829 he supplied furniture, including a patent recumbent chair, (presumably the model illustrated in the Practical Cabinet Maker, pl. 64), for the Royal Lodge, Windsor, costing a total of £157. [Royal Household accounts, PRO, LC 11/53–74] Between 1832 and 1840 he performed similar work at the palaces of St James's, Kensington and Buckingham, and at Windsor Castle, and took an inventory of furniture at Stud House, Hampton Court. In 1833 he regilded the Royal Arms on top of the throne at St James's Palace, and in 1835 supplied two portable mahogany tables to Kew Palace.

The Lord Chamberlain's accounts for 1835–41 list furniture provided for the Store Tower, Windsor, being Her Majesty's Vice Chamberlain's apartments, including a ‘Large Mahogany Wardrobe enclosed by folding doors panelled & veneered with Spanish on Honduras’ costing £35. For the servants’ rooms Bailey supplied ‘2 dressing tables japanned buff with shaped backs’, ‘3 corner washhand stands japanned buff’, ‘3–3ft. Japanned buff chests’ and ‘18 black stained beech chairs with rush seats’, for which the total bill was £142 16s. Bailey also provided curtains, locks and a bookcase for Clarence House, kneeling stools for the Chapel Royal, and undertook work at Kensington Palace for the Duke of Sussex's apartments. [PRO, LC 11/77–110] At the beginning of Queen Victoria's reign Bailey was re-appointed ‘Upholsterer, Cabinet Maker, Undertaker, &c. to Her Majesty’, as the bill-head for work done at the Coronation, totalling £7,154 2s 4½d, states. [PRO, LC 21/19] Bailey took out a Sun Insurance policy on 30 April 1823 for £2,000 [GL, Sun MS vol. 498, ref. 1003747] and in 1838 he took out a mortgage on 55 Green St, including household goods and furniture. [Marylebone Lib., deed 152/26]

Between 1817 and 1835 Edward Bailey is recorded as the partner of Richard Saunders (both having been partners with Thomas Tatham until Tatham's death in 1818). The firm of Bailey and Saunders received a lucrative commission from the Prince of Wales for furnishing Brighton Pavilion. In 1817 they provided for the Banqueting Hall two side tables of rosewood and satinwood supported by Chinese dragons, designed by Robert Jones costing £430 each. For work in the Music Room the firm were paid over £15,000, which included the chimney-glass at £857 11s, and ‘four large chairs’ superbly carved and gilded. They also provided a set of thirty-six japanned chairs, and in 1819 two ‘Commodes Anglaise’, copied from a French pair ordered for the Chinese Drawing Room in Carlton House. For the Saloon at Brighton Pavilion accounts of 1823 list velvet trimmings, lace tassels, draperies etc. and furniture made to the designs of Robert Jones, including a set of pier cabinets with Graeco-Indian ormolu enrichments, chairs, pole-screens and amboyna wood tables, totalling £2,757 18s 9d. Much of this furniture is still in the Royal Collection. [PRO, LC 11/41] The Royal Household accounts of 1819 cite general cleaning, alterations and upholstery work at Carlton House and Stud Lodge, totalling £705 5s 1d [PRO, LC 11/27] and between 1819 and 1823 furnishings for Royal Yachts, Carlton House, Brighton Pavilion, Kensington Palace and Hampton Court. [PRO, LC 11/20, 31–38] In 1824 the firm supplied a rosewood console and cabinet, and a mahogany writing table for the Red House, Carlton House, and a large mahogany chair for HM's bedroom. [PRO, LC 11/44, no. 74] In 1826 Messrs Bailey and Saunders were paid £1,413 12s ‘in discharge of old claims as to Bills delivered to the Ld. Chamberlain’. [RA, 35606] A bill of 4 May 1820 for work done for John, 6th Duke of Bedford, is receipted by Edward Bailey, and one of November 1821, ‘Richard Sanders for Bailey & self’. [Bedford Office, London] On 5 October 1835 Bailey and Saunders received orders for furniture for the Royal Library, Windsor, in the Elizabethan style. [D; Conn., June 1977; Apollo, May 1975; Wills, Looking-Glasses; DEF; H. Clifford Smith, Buckingham Palace] See George Edward & William Marsh.

The original entry from Dictionary of English Furniture Makers, 1660-1840 can be found at British History Online.